Re-Inventing The Screw
It took a slip of a screwdriver and a cut on his hand to convince Peter Lymburner Robertson that there had to be a better way to do things. The traveling salesman injured his hand while demonstrating a spring loaded screwdriver and after a little spare time in his workshop, applied for a patent in 1906 for a socket head screw.
Robertson's socket head screw revolutionized the industry. The old, slotted screw had worked under a number of disadvantages. It was easy to push the screwdriver out of the slot, it was next to impossible to tighten the screw one handed when the user was in a confined space or on a ladder, and it wasn't uncommon to strip the slot when tightening or loosening the screw. Robertson's screw addressed all of these problems. "This is considered by many as the biggest little invention of the twentieth century so far," he was heard to exclaim. With an accuracy within one one-thousandth of an inch, this special square headed screwdriver had a tighter fit than a slot and rarely slipped.
P.L. Robertson was offered a $10,000 tax free loan from the Town to attract his new factory to Milton, Ontario Canada in 1908. Not only did he pay back every cent of that loan but he also provided a drastic change to Milton's economy. Local economy in 1908 relied heavily on farming, retail, Martin's Mill and the brickyard which laid off hundreds each winter. For decades to come, the screw factory offered the best chance at a year round job.
The Robertson sockethead screw soared in popularity. Craftsmen favored it because it was self-centering and could be driven with one hand. Industry came to rely on it for the way it reduced product damage and sped up production. The Fisher Body Company, which made wood bodies in Canada for Ford cars used four to six gross of Robertson screws in the bodywork of the Model T and eventually Robertson produced socket screws for metal for the metal bodied Model A.
The company diversified as Robertson filed more patents and production began in nails, hardware, wire and rivets. By the 1930's Robertson-Whitehouse staff accounted for 20% of Milton's workforce. More than 20 tonnes of brass screws were later produced during World War II. These screws, used in British shipyards, had a special two-way head, allowing them to be driven with either a Robertson or a slot screwdriver.
P.L. Robertson maintained control of his company until his death in 1951. Today, Robertson-Whitehouse is owned by the Chicago Based Marmon Group and employs approximately 350, with 160 in Milton and the rest spread out in manufacturing subsidiaries in Montreal and South Carolina, as well as warehouse/sales outlets in Calgary, North Carolina, Florida and Indiana.
David James Elliott was born on September 21, 1960,
in Milton (a small suburb city of Toronto), Ontario, Canada.
He is the second of three sons of Arnold Smith, a heating
and plumbing wholesaler-contractor, and his wife, Pat, an office manager. Arnold Smith had come to Canada from the Bahamas. David Smith grew up in Milton, but spent much time in the Bahamas, as most of his relatives live there.
David James Elliott was born on September 21, 1960, in Milton (a small suburb city of Toronto), Ontario, Canada. He is the second of three sons of Arnold Smith, a heating and plumbing wholesaler-contractor, and his wife, Pat, an office manager. Arnold Smith had come to Canada from the Bahamas. David Smith grew up in Milton, but spent much time in the Bahamas, as most of his relatives live there.
Mr. Elliott did not set out to be an actor. His early interest was in music - rock 'n roll music. He was front man for a band, and even briefly quit high school to play with the band full time. The band left Milton and went to the big city -Toronto. There the band members got questionable digs in boarding houses and played gigs at night, while trying to earn a pittance to live on during the day. Mr. Elliott at one point was working in a belt factory.
The group, which went by various names - the Supervisors being one (one of the band stole some T-shirts with the title "Supervisor" on them) - kept breaking up. Finally, Mr. Elliott decided that enough was enough, and went back to finish high school. He was only 19.
His theatre history class was studying King Lear, and he read the part of Lear. His teacher was impressed by his reading and encouraged him to consider acting as a career. He knew nothing about acting, in fact had never even seen a live play, let alone been in one. His brother told him that Ryerson Polytechnic Institute in Toronto had the best acting school in Canada, so he decided to audition there. He cribbed for the audition by reading a book on auditioning.
At the audition, he "forgot his classical piece, ... sang 'Zip-a-Dee-Doo-Dah' and .... faked .... through a scene from Sam Shepard." To finish, he started inventing dialogue. As Mr. Elliott recounts it, "... they saw some talent they could nurture. It was a miracle."
Prior to his graduation from Ryerson, Mr. Elliott auditioned for the world-renowned Stratford Shakespearean Festival in Stratford, Ontario. He was accepted as a member of its Young Company. He stayed at Stratford for two years, learning the advanced acting skills needed for classical theatre, and earned the Jean Chalmers Award as Most Promising Actor.
After Stratford he played the role of Dick the Male Stripper in B Movie: The Play, in Toronto. There he was seen by one of the producers of CBC's Street Legal - a night-time soap opera about lawyers. They were looking for a "young hunk" as a love interest for the lead female lawyer. Mr. Elliott was asked to audition for the role of Nick Del Gado, the Toronto police detective. He was, to them, untried talent, and therefore scary, but his screen test was the best, and they decided to take a chance on him. The lead actress, Sonja Smits, described him thus: "He wasn't developed at all when he arrived ... but he was very tall and very charming."
Street Legal proved to be a breakthrough for Mr. Elliott. The producers kept giving him more to do, and he kept improving, so that by 1988-89, he was a legitimate co-star in the series, and became somewhat of a household name in Canada (named Flare magazine's Bachelor of the Year). There was talk of a Street Legal spinoff, with him in the lead role of Nick Del Gado, private eye. But before that came to pass, he decided to give Hollywood a try.
So in 1990, with the offer of a development deal from Disney, Mr. Elliott moved to Los Angeles. But first, in order to join the Screen Actors Guild, he had to change his screen name, as another actor was already registered as 'David Elliott'. So he added the 'James' - David James Elliott.
The development deal with Disney fell through when the head honchos decided that he was too young for the part they had crafted for him. Mr. Elliott found other work, doing a short-lived Canadian-French television series with Shannon Tweed, Fly By Night, and guest appearances on various television series. However, this period was fraught with difficulties, and he went through some lean times as he struggled to make his way in Hollywood.
In 1992, he and actress Nanci Chambers quietly got married at city hall, promising themselves a proper wedding later on when they had the means.
1992 was also the year he got a co-starring role as Treasury Agent Paul Robbins in the syndicated series The Untouchables. This gave the Elliotts some measure of financial stability for they were expecting an addition to their family. Their daughter Stephanie arrived in 1993.
After The Untouchables, Mr. Elliott again did the rounds of television guest appearances - Melrose Place, Knots Landing, Seinfeld, etc. Then he auditioned for the role of Lt. Harmon Rabb Jr., in JAG, and was successful. The rest, as the saying goes, is history.
As they had promised themselves seven years ago, the Elliotts had a proper wedding on June 26, 1999. Their six-year-old daughter was the flower girl as they renewed their wedding vows before family and friends in Santa Barbara, California.
JAG is now a hit series and Mr. Elliott an established television star. He has recently accepted roles in movies. The Shrink Is In was filmed in the spring of 1999. He was the executive producer and star of a made-for-television movie for CBS, Dodson's Journey, based on James Dodson's autobiographical book Faithful Travelers. The movie was filmed in the spring of 2000 in British Columbia, Canada. It aired as the CBS Wednesday Night Movie on January 10, 2001. Dodson's Journey was the first project for Mr. Elliott's production company, Firefly Productions. Mr. Elliott made his directorial debut in the spring of 2001. He directed JAG episode #132, entitled Lifeline, original airdate May 8, 2001. During the post-Season Six hiatus, he was in Australia filming a Movie-of-the-Week for CBS, entitled Code 1114, a thriller about a detective on the case of a serial killer, which takes place aboard an airplane.
With his hectic shooting schedule, Mr. Elliott does not have much free time. He is a devoted family man, and will race home at the end of the day to spend time with his daughter. He enjoys golfing, writing, and watching old movies. He spear-fishes when he is at the family's second home in the Bahamas. He loves running, and has competed in several marathons. A long-time fitness buff, he lifts weights and kick-boxes too. He retains his love of music, and frequently plays his guitar and sings in between scenes on the JAG set.
When Bobby Nystrom scored the greatest goal in the history of the New York Islanders on May 24, 1980 to win the Isles their first of four consecutive Stanley Cups, it was no surprise that John Tonelli was credited with the greatest assist in team history. If Nystrom was the heart of the team, then Tonelli was its soul.
When the Islanders selected a 20-year old left wing from Hamilton, Ontario with their second pick in the 1977 draft (one selection after taking a chance on a kid named Michael Bossy), they knew they were getting an energetic winger who had begun to make his mark with the Houston Aeros of the fledgling World Hockey Association. What they didn't realize was that in the year they drafted the greatest goal scorer in Islanders' history, they also got perhaps the hardest worker and greatest corner man the team has ever seen. John Tonelli didn't just work a corner, he owned it. His uncanny ability to emerge from every scrum with the puck, arms and legs pumping away full steam, became his trademark-along with his ability to score goals when his team needed them the most.
After recording 17 and 14 goals in his first two seasons with the Isles, "JT" hit his scoring stride in the 1980-81 season, notching 20 goals and tying an Islander record with a five-goal game in a 6-3 win over the Toronto Maple Leafs at Nassau Coliseum on Jan. 6, 1981. He would raise his goal total to 35 in the 1981-82 campaign, and his late-season and playoff heroics would forever earn him a place in Islander history.
In February of 1982, the Islanders had put together an impressive winning streak and found themselves quickly approaching the NHL record of 14 consecutive victories. With 13 straight wins under their belts, the Islanders visited Philadelphia and were trailing, 4-2, midway through the contest. They would rally for five unanswered goals, including Tonelli's game-winning goal, to beat the Flyers for win number 14. Two nights later, the Islanders returned home to face the Colorado Rockies with a chance to enter the NHL record books. With the game tied at two entering the final minute of play, it was once again time for Tonelli to take center stage in dramatic fashion.
With just 47 seconds remaining in regulation time, Tonelli beat former Islander goalie Glenn "Chico" Resch (in his first game back at Nassau Coliseum since being traded to Colorado) to give New York a 3-2 win and a NHL record 15th consecutive win. But Tonelli was just getting warmed up.
With two consecutive Stanley Cups already in hand, the Islanders opened the 1982 playoffs with a best-of-five series against the Pittsburgh Penguins. After crushing the Pens 8-1 and 7-2 in the first two games at Nassau Coliseum, the Isles dropped Games Three and Four in Pittsburgh to send the series back to Uniondale for a fifth and deciding game. With six minutes remaining in the game, the Islanders' Cup run was in serious jeopardy, as the Penguins held a 3-1 lead. But defenseman Mike McEwen got the Isles within one goal with 5:27 to play, and once again it was time for "JT" to take matters into his own hands. Tonelli scored the game-tying goal with 2:21 to play in regulation time, then buried the game-winner past a stunned Penguin goalie Michel Dion 6:19 into overtime.
The Islanders' Stanley Cup run would continue, and Islander fans for years to come would cherish Tonelli's 1982 overtime magic alongside O.T. memories of Parise in '75, Nystrom in '80, Morrow in '84, LaFontaine in '87 and Volek in '93. The only playoff overtime goal that John Tonelli would ever score for the N.Y. Islanders was truly one for the ages.
Whether riding shotgun alongside Bryan Trottier and Mike Bossy on the top line or as the left wing of the "Banana Line" (so named for the yellow jerseys they wore in practice) with Wayne Merrick and Bobby Nystrom, Tonelli knew only one speed and one way to play - all out. That style and tenacity would help the Isles to two more Stanley Cups in 1982 and 1983. A year later, Tonelli would take his show to the international stage, earning another championship and tournament MVP honors in the 1984 Canada Cup series. And in the 1984-85 season, Tonelli set Islander single-season records for goals (42), assists (58) and points (100) by a left wing, and finished the year at a team high + 50.
On March 11, 1986, John Tonelli was traded to Calgary for Rich Kromm and Steve Konroyd. Tonelli would go on to play for the Flames, Kings, Blackhawks and Nordiques before calling it a career in 1992, but certainly his legacy was his time spent on Long Island. Four Stanley Cups, two all-star game appearances, Islander records for a left wing that still stand today, clutch goal scoring and most importantly - a work ethic that was second to none. John Tonelli truly achieved his success the old-fashioned way - he earned it.
CHRIS A. HADFIELD (COLONEL, CAF)
Born August 29, 1959, in Sarnia, and raised in Milton, Ontario. Married to Helene Hadfield (née Walter). They have three children. He enjoys skiing, guitar, singing, riding, writing, running, volleyball and squash. His parents, Roger and Eleanor Hadfield, reside near Milton. Her mother, Gwendoline Walter, resides in Victoria, B.C. Her father, Erhard Walter, is deceased.
EDUCATION: Received a bachelor degree in mechanical engineering (with honours), Royal Military College, Kingston, Ontario, Canada, in 1982; conducted post-graduate research at University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, in 1982; and received a master of science degree in aviation systems, University of Tennessee, in 1992.
ORGANIZATIONS: Royal Military College Club; Society of Experimental Test Pilots; Canadian Aeronautics and Space Institute.
SPECIAL HONORS: Recipient of the 1988 Liethen-Tittle Award (top pilot graduate of the USAF Test Pilot School); U.S. Navy Test Pilot of the Year (1991); Honorary Doctorate of Engineering from the Royal Military College (1996); member of the Order of Ontario (1996); Honorary Doctorate of Laws from Trent University (1999), Vanier Award (2001), Meritorious Service Cross (2001).
EXPERIENCE: Colonel Hadfield was raised on a corn farm in southern Ontario. He taught skiing and ski racing part- and full-time for 10 years. He was an Air Cadet, and won a glider pilot scholarship at age 15 and a powered pilot scholarship at age 16.
He graduated as an Ontario scholar from Milton District High in 1977, and joined the Canadian Armed Forces in May 1978. He spent two years at Royal Roads Military College, Victoria, B.C., followed by two years at Royal Military College, Kingston, Ontario, graduating with honours in mechanical engineering. He was top pilot at basic flying training, Portage La Prairie, Manitoba, in 1980, and was overall top graduate at Basic Jet Training, Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan, in 1982-1983. Fighter and CF-18 training was done in Cold Lake, Alberta, in 1984-1985.
For the next three years he was with 425 Squadron, flying CF-18s for NORAD. In June 1985, Colonel Hadfield flew the first CF-18 intercept of a Soviet "Bear" aircraft. He attended the USAF Test Pilot School, Edwards Air Force Base, California, Course 88A. Upon graduation he served as an exchange officer with the U. S. Navy at Strike Test Directorate, Patuxent River Naval Air Station. His accomplishments during 1989-1992 included: testing the F/A-18 and A-7 aircraft; performing research work with NASA on pitch control margin simulation and flight; the first military flight of F/A-18 enhanced performance engines; the first flight test of the National Aerospace Plane external burning hydrogen propulsion; developing a new handling qualities rating scale for high angle-of-attack test; and the F/A-18 out-of-control recovery test program. In total, Hadfield has flown over 70 different types of aircraft.
Colonel Hadfield was selected as one of four Canadian astronauts from a field of 5,330 in June 1992. He was assigned by the CSA to NASA's Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas in August 1992. His work there has included technical and safety issues for Shuttle Operations Development, shuttle glass cockpit development, and launch support at the Kennedy Space Center, Florida. In addition, Colonel Hadfield was NASA's Chief CAPCOM, the voice of mission control to astronauts in orbit, for 25 space shuttle missions. He also served for 4 years as the Chief Astronaut for the Canadian Space Agency.
From 2001 through 2003 Colonel Hadfield was in Star City, Russia as NASA's Director of Operations at the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Centre. As NASA's lead representative his work included coordination and direction of all Space Station Crew activities in Russia, oversight of training and crew support staff, as well as policy negotiation with the Russian Space Program and other International Partners. Since then, he has trained and qualified as a cosmonaut to fly in the Soyuz as a flight engineer, as well as to do spacewalks wearing the Russian Orlan suit.
SPACE FLIGHT EXPERIENCE: In November 1995, Colonel Hadfield served as Mission Specialist #1 on STS-74, NASA's second space shuttle mission to rendezvous and dock with the Russian Space Station Mir. During the 8-day flight the crew of Space Shuttle Atlantis attached a 5-tonne docking module to Mir and transferred over 1,000 kg of food, water and scientific supplies for use by the cosmonauts. Colonel Hadfield flew as the first Canadian mission specialist, the first Canadian to operate the Canadarm in orbit, and the only Canadian to ever be aboard Mir. The STS-74 Mission was accomplished in 129 orbits of the earth, traveling 5.5 million kilometres in 196 hours, 30 minutes, 44 seconds.
In April 2001, Colonel Hadfield served as Mission Specialist #1 on STS-100, International Space Station assembly Flight 6A. The crew of Space Shuttle Endeavour delivered and installed the new Canadian-built Robot Arm, Canadarm2, as well as the Italian-made resupply module Raffaello. During the flight, Hadfield performed two spacewalks, which made him the first Canadian to ever leave a spacecraft, and float free in space. In total, Colonel Hadfield spent 14 hours, 54 minutes outside10 times around the world. The entire STS-100 Mission was accomplished in 187 orbits of the earth, traveling 7.9 million kilometres in 285 hours, 30 minutes.
Nomination of Ed Braam in the OAT Builder Award Category
The biography below outlines the significant contribution made
by Ed Braam, of Milton in the development of the sport of Triathlon
Ed was there from the very beginning - he organized the first Milton
Triathlon event in 1985 with a field of 375 participants. Registration was organized from Ed's store, Ultrasport. Ultrasport was the first triathlon specific sports store in Ontario.
We can only imagine how difficult it was to sell the idea of a triathlon to the Town of Milton and to the Kelso Conservation Authority. A major issue was the concern that the athletes would pollute the water. It needed great vision and determination to not simply throw in the towel.
No promotion was carried out for the first event, however it quickly reached cut-off at 375 participants. A special touch from Ed was the presentation of a red rose to each female finisher.
Bob Bowman of Woodstock supplied some of the bike racks and Ed made the balance from wood. The people who took part in these 1985 and 1986 events relied on the training advice and equipment supplied by Ed, out of his Ultrasport store, as this was a new multi discipline sport. Ed also published, and distributed free of charge, a list of other Triathlon Events. This list could be obtained, discussed and evaluated at his Ultrasport store. The event list was invaluable to those new to the sport as it was the only source of event information.
Ed & Tina Braam started a friendship with Don & Sandra Bowden as founding members of the Bradford Harriers, this friendship continued into the sport of Triathlon. Ed and Don trained together for the 1987 Hawaii Ironman, which became a family affair with Tina, Sandra and Lori competing in later years. Ed, at the time, commented to Tina that to compete at the Hawaii Ironman was a once in a lifetime opportunity, that it would change your life forever. True words of wisdom that many of us have experienced.
The true measure of Ed's influence is the continued success of the Milton Triathlon. Many who took part in Ed's first two events remain in the sport and are the strength of the Milton Triathlon Club. A large number of athletes from the Milton Triathlon community have competed in Triathlon events up to the Ironman distance and continue to support the Women's Only triathlon. (Twelve Miltonians competed in the 2002 Ironman USA in Lake Placid NY. More than 15 local athletes are registered for the Ironman Florida race next November - much to the credit of Ed and Tina's foresight)
It is ironic that Ed's active participation in triathlon and the operation of the Ultrasports store were cut short in 1992 when he was diagnosed with Parkinson's Disease. The diagnosis was preceded by two years of health and training problems that had puzzled the doctors.
Ed had conceived the idea of a Women's Only event in 1994. Together with his wife Tina and an OAT committee he laid the groundwork for the first Milton Women's Triathlon in 1995. This race has blossomed into a full fledged series of Women's Only races and the Milton race filled to capacity this year.
Ed Braam did not have an athletic background. His physical pursuits consisted of riding a one speed bike in his native Holland. A common mode of transportation for the young people and the secret behind his strong bike rides.
Ed's family had more of an artistic background, which is why his prime motivation was never money. He is a decent and reliable man, who values your word. Ed was not in the sport for applause, he had the vision to see where the sport was going and he gave it a shove in the right direction.
We are all poorer for having lost Ed's active participation in Triathlon and the leaders of this sport today have big shoes to fill. While Ed involvement has been limited of late, he does his best to encourage and support all athletes in the area. Ed can often be found observing our track work outs, swim workouts at Kelso or helping out with a "sag wagon" on our long rides. Ed is never far from the action and is always willing to help or advise - as always.
As a final word, we are pursuing this nomination at this particular time because some of us have begun to suspect that Ed may not physically be able to attend many award banquets in the future. Ed has his good days and his bad days - bad days means limited mobility. While we are sure there are many very qualified nominees, we appeal to the committees' sense of timing regarding Ed's health.
Gary Black, Past President - OAT
Dateline of Ed Braam
1966 - Emigrated to Canada following Military Service in Holland and receiving a degree in Electrical Engineering.
1974 - Opened sports store in Bradford, Ontario.
1979 - Founding Member of Bradford Harriers.
1983 - Competed in first Triathlon in Woodstock, Ontario.
1984 - Moved to Milton, Ontario and opened Ultrasport Triathlon store.
1985 - 1st Milton Triathlon, 375 participants.
1986 - 2nd Milton Triathlon, 425 participants.
1987 - Completed Hawaii Ironman in 14hrs 35 mins.
1987 - Graham Fraser ran 3rd Milton Triathlon while Ed trained for Hawaii.
1989 - Tina and Ed competed at Muncie to qualify for Ironman. Tina qualified, Ed did not. Ed talked Tina through the event.
1990 - Las Vegas Triathlon, Ed's last event plagued with training problems
1991 - Ed ran Nanasivik Marathon
1992 - Ed ran Nanasivik Marathon
1992 - Closed Ultrasport
1995 - Founding Director of Milton Women's Triathlon
Re: Ed Braam
I first met Ed and Tina in the late 70s through the Bradford Harriers, a running club that Sandra and I joined, and became friends. It was either 1981 or 1982 that Ed suggested we do a triathlon. My reply was "a what?, what is that?" Ed had found a race in Eden Mills, near Guelph, I believe it was a 400 metre swim, a 20K bike and a 10K run. We both entered and managed to survive the swim, three loops of a stump filled mill pond, the bike was relatively easy, and the run was more difficult than we imagined it could be as it took us out in the country through a freshly ploughed field. We were hooked.
Then we had to all get new bikes and we became triathlete fanatics, traveling all around southern Ontario in search of races, Woodstock, Cambridge, Kitchener, Smiths Falls all had early races, the distances were generally 1K swim, 40k bike and 10k bike. After a couple of years we graduated to a Half-Ironman in Hamlin Beach near Rochester N.Y. The half was a real eye opener, what a struggle to finish for us under-trained wannabe athletes. The triathlon bug continued and Ed had the bright idea of doing Ironman Hawaii in 1986. We didn't really think we could get in but we were successful in getting in to the 1987 Hawaii Ironman, and Ed and Tina and I all went, and with first timers luck, all finished. I think it was about 1985 that Ed and Tina moved to Milton, and Ed was one of the first sports stores to cater to triathletes. It was also about this time that Ed decided to put on a race in Milton in the park in Milton that eventually became the well known Milton triathlon. Three or four years after the race had been successfully running Ed turned the race over to a relative newcomer to the triathlon scene, Graham Fraser who continued the tradition.
Ed was responsible for me and many others giving triathlon a tri, first by his enthusiasm for the sport, then by providing information and products to budding triathletes, and then by starting the Milton triathlon. Ed was one of the pioneers of the sport in Southern Ontario.
I have known Ed Braam for a long time, when I first became a runner...long before becoming a triathlete. When he owned his own sport store, he was very kind to share his knowledge of running with anyone who would listen and I'm sure he was responsible for helping enlist many athletes into both the sport of running and triathlon. His passion for both sports was very contagious, and he is a very kind hearted and caring person.
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